Hul revolution or Santhal rebellion. Tribals celebrate this day in the memory of their struggle and that of the 25,000 Santhals killed by the Britishers. This rebellion is a special day to remember the struggle story of the tribals and their sacrifices, the heroes who bewildered the British during the freedom struggle. Hul Diwas is celebrated as a symbol of rebellion against British rule, remembering the battles of Santhal and Murmu Brothers Sidho-Kanho and Chand-Bhairava.
Historical Significance Behind The Day
On June 30, 1855, the tribals of Jharkhand raised the first rebellion against the tyranny of British rule. On this day 50,000 people from 400 villages reached Bhognadih village of Sahibganj and declared a one-on-one war with the British. Under the leadership of the tribal brothers Sidho-Kanho and Chand-Bhairava, the Santhals then loudly announced not to pay revenue and the British to leave our soil. The British then feared the Santhal rebels and started suppressing them. In response, the tribals put to death the landlords and soldiers who came from the British government. Then the British crossed all limits of cruelty to teach a lesson to the rebels. Chand and Bhairav were killed by the Britishers. After this Sidho and Kanho were hanged on July 26, 1855, by hanging from a tree at Bhognadih. In the memory of these martyrs of Santhal soil, every year on 30th June, Hul Diwas is celebrated.
Although we consider the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 as the first rebellion of the Indian freedom struggle, the Hul rebellion of the Santhal tribals was also very effective. Then a handful of tribals started the Santhal rebellion which later became a mass movement. The Santhals had defeated the British army on the basis of their traditional weapons. In the Santhal rebellion of 1855, more than 50,000 people called for the British to leave our soil.
Dedicated to the great revolutionaries associated with this revolution on the occasion of Hul Diwas, “My Home India”, an organisation working for social harmony and Northeast India, organised a programme on June 29 at the Constitution Club of India, Delhi. The first Chief Minister of Jharkhand and Leader of the Opposition, Babulal Marandi, attended the Programme as the Chief Guest. Founder of ‘My Home India’ and National Secretary of Bharatiya Janata Party Sunil Deodhar Ji, Minister of Higher Education and Tribal Affairs in the Government of Nagaland Temjen Imna Along, Chitra Singh of Bank of Maharashtra, and Mayoda Paswat, Managing Trustee of ‘My Home India’ joined.
Sunil Deodhar while speaking as the keynote speaker said that the country needs to know about the Hul Revolution. In the Hul Revolution of 1855, more than 25 thousand members of the tribal community had laid down their lives to protect the nation. Hul Diwas is the day to remember the festival of that revolution. He further said that the strength with which these two sisters, Phulo and Jhano helped the revolutionaries of the Hul War is memorable. Both Sisters helped deliver weapons, food and information, and by going to a camp, they became Kali Mata for Britishers. Their bravery, valour and sacrifice are incomparable. He further said that the great revolutionaries associated with the independence of Northeast India have been forgotten. Only the Gandhi family is remembered –whose name is also stolen. Some people have compromised the national interest to keep this family happy. This family has rejected the ideas of great people like Subhash Chandra Bose and Sardar Patel. Take, for instance, Bhagwan Birsa Munda, who exposed the truth about the British Government and the Church. He took steps against the British government and inspired the people to stand against the government.
Birsa Munda Bhagwan dedicated his whole life to national unity and the welfare of the people. Congress has denied the contribution of Birsa Munda Bhagwan till 70 years of independence. Narendra Modi is the first Prime Minister of the country who has garlanded the statue of Lord Birsa Munda in Parliament.
The present Central Government has decided to celebrate Tribal Pride Day on the birth anniversary of Birsa Munda. It is a matter of honour for crores of tribal people. Very few people know about Alluri Sitaram Raju, who rebelled against the Britishers in Andhra Pradesh. Prime Minister Narendra Modi is going to unveil his statue on July 4, 2022. Steps are being taken to pay respect to lakhs of great revolutionaries like Alluri Sitaram Raju. Such great revolutionaries were deliberately forgotten by the previous governments. Former Prime Minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee gave the country, the great President Dr Abdul Kalam Azad. The current Prime Minister Narendra Modi has elevated Shri Ram Nath Kovind ji of Dalit society, who belongs to a small village in Uttar Pradesh, to the highest post in the country. President Shri Ram Nath Kovind has taken Indian cultural heritage across the world by travelling to more than 33 countries. He further said that President Shri Ram Nath Kovind will attend the Youth Convention of My Home India on July 9, 2022, as the Chief Guest. This Convention will be held at Vigyan Bhawan, Delhi. Apart from this, Sunil Deodhar said that the British government used to deny everything that shakes their foundations. Veer Savarkar wrote an important book on the great revolution of 1857. Inspired by this book, lakhs of revolutionaries like Subhash Chandra Bose took steps against the Britishers. Along with this, he said that the Central Government has made it clear that Draupadi Murmu Ji, coming from a very poor family belonging to the tribal Santhal community, is the presidential candidate, and that this government is a government for all. The great revolutionaries of the Hul War, Sidho-Kanho and Chand-Bhairava and Phoolo, Jhano, by waging war against the British government, inspired crores of Indians for the freedom movement. These brothers and sisters inspired more than fifty thousand Santhal tribesmen to stand against the Britishers on their own. In this war, more than 25 thousand people had laid down their lives for the country. On this occasion, Sunil Deodhar said that ‘My Home India’ takes responsibility for the employment of the sixth generation youth Mandal Murmu of the Murmu family.
Former Jharkhand Chief Minister Babu Lal Marandi said in his statement that India’s independence is incomplete without remembering the glory of the Hul Revolution, “The whole country should have known about the Hul Diwas, but it was unfortunate that it was not known.
We remembered only a few names or got information about them, and we forgot the revolution in which about 25 thousand tribal citizens had sacrificed.” He further added that those from the prosperous and educated areas joined the freedom struggle. Everyone knows the revolutionaries. Very few people know the revolutionaries associated with the rural areas of the country and North India. He said that the work of tying society into one thread is being done by My Home India. Everyone salutes the dome of the temple but we are not able to see the bricks laid in the foundation of the temple. Babu Lal Marandi further said that he got the opportunity to work in the government of Atal Bihari Vajpayee. During this, he had a separate ministry related to tribal affairs. After which the government formed the tribal ministry. We celebrate the birth anniversary of Lord Birsa Munda as Jharkhand Day on November 15. The central government led by the Prime Minister is giving full respect to the people belonging to the tribal community. The result of this is that this government has eight Ministers. They belong to tribal communities.
Nagaland Education Minister and BJP President Temjen Imna Along said that today the work that My Home India is doing for the country, for the integrity of the country is incomparable. In the past, there was discrimination against the people of the North East across the country. In the metro cities of the country, Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore and almost all the important cities, people used to speak Chinki, Chinese, and Nepali to the people of the North East. Ever since Modi Ji’s government came, the North East is connected with the whole country on a cultural basis. Apart from this, he said that in the past the people of the North East were considered foreigners in India. India is an eternal country which has neither beginning nor end. Hindus of India believe in taking everyone along. It is also a great example for the world. The people of the North East have also contributed significantly to the freedom struggle. The work of ‘My Home India’ is commendable for the people of Northeast India.
In this program, My Home India’s Delhi NCR President Baldev Raj Sachdeva, CEO Shravan Jha, Managing Trustee Vinay Pandey, and National General Secretary Santlal Yadav were present along with key workers.