On 13 April 2019, exactly a century, that is, even after 100 years, when we Indians, Jallianwala Bagh incident occurred in Amritsar on the Baisakhi day of 13 April 1919, we will remember how many innocent countrymen did not know that day (13-04-1919) Was martyred, and on the same day, the whole of Punjab’s land was moaned, in which Colonel Reginald Edward Harry Dyer, an officer of the British army who was made temporary brigadier general (Who ordered the Indian soldiers recruited by the British Government to shoot) and this Dyer was responsible for this massacre.
When the group gathered in that garden was fired, then there was no way for the people to escape from there. Countless people, including men, women and young children, were martyred. On the plaque in the garden, it is written that 120 bodies are found only from the well. Curfew was imposed in the city, due to which the injured could not be taken for treatment. People succumbed painfully there. The Deputy Commissioner Office of Amritsar has a list of 484 martyrs, while the Jallianwala Bagh has a list of 388 martyrs. Records of the British Raj admit that 200 people were injured and 379 people were martyred in this incident, of which 337 were men, 41 were minor boys, and one was 6-week-old.
Why did the incident of Jallianwala Bagh happen?
The Rowlatt Act (black law) was a law enacted by the British Government of India in March 1919 with the objective of crushing the national movement emerging in India. This law was made on the basis of the recommendations of the Sedison Committee headed by Sir Sydney Rowlett.
According to this law, the British government had got the right that it could lock any Indian in jail without prosecuting them in court. Under this law, the right of the offender to know the name of the person filing the case against him was also abolished. Countrywide strikes, processions and demonstrations started in protest against this law. Gandhiji called for a comprehensive strike.
On 13 April, a crowd of people gathered in Jallianwala Bagh to protest against the arrest of Saifuddin Kichlu and Satyapal. It was the day of Baisakhi, and a meeting was held in Jallianwala Bagh, in which some leaders were going to give speeches. There was a curfew in the city, yet hundreds of people came to see the fair and visit the city with their families on the occasion of Baisakhi and went there after hearing the news of the meeting. The soldiers surrounded the garden and started firing on unarmed people without giving any warning. A total of 1650 rounds were fired in 10 minutes. There was no way to escape. Some people jumped into the only well in the field to save their lives, but it, too, was also buried with corpses.
Jallianwala Bagh was once the property of a man named Jalali. Gurudev Ravindra Nath Tagore returned his knighthood as a protest against this massacre. When this murder case was happening in Jallianwala Bagh, Udham Singh was present there, and he was also shot. He then decided that he would avenge it. On 13 March 1940, Udham Singh shot and killed Dyer, convicted of the incident at Caxton Hall, London. Udham Singh was hanged on 31 July 1940.
After the Jallianwala Bagh scandal, the whole of India is patriotic together:
The courage of the people for independence was not defeated even after such a horrific event. In fact, the truth is that after this incident, the desire to gain independence began to inflict more vigour among the people. Although the present means of communication and mutual communication could not be imagined in those days, this news spread like fire all over the country. The desire for freedom not only in Punjab but also in the whole country began to speak with children. Thousands of Indians of that era determined to liberate the country by planting the soil of Jallianwala Bagh with the forehead. Till then, Punjab used to run something different from main India, but this incident completely merged Punjab with the Indian independence movement.
In memory of those killed in Jallianwala Bagh, it was decided to build a memorial here, and in the year 1920, a trust was established, and this place was purchased. The memorial was inaugurated by the then President of India Rajendra Prasad on 13 April 1961 in the presence of Jawaharlal Nehru and other leaders. Bullet bullets are also visible on walls, and nearby buildings, at this time. The well into which many people jumped and were trying to protect themselves is in the form of a protected monument inside the park. Bhagat Singh was 12 years old when the Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place, and this incident had a profound impact on his thinking. On receiving this information, Bhagat Singh walked 12 miles from his school to Jallianwala Bagh.