Over the course of the last nine years, India has witnessed the operationalising of infrastructure at a speed and scale that has been a game changer. As a result, the country has witnessed a net of road, rail, water and air connectivity.
To enhance India’s overall infrastructure, the Narendra Modi Government launched the PM Gati Shakti National Master Plan (NMP), a unique, transformative approach for integrated planning across ministries and departments for the improvement of multimodal connectivity. This holistic approach is crucial to address isolated pockets and disruptions in favour of a seamless movement of people and goods. Uninterrupted processes lead to timely delivery of projects where milestones are achieved unerringly.
Today, where Vande Bharat trains are a symbol of the ‘Make in India’ success story, the 74 airports that have been built and operationalised in just the last nine years are a sign of the soaring aspirations ahead of us. If, on the one hand, Indian Railways are marching towards 100 per cent electrification, the construction of our National Highways has increased from 91,287 km in March 2014 to about 1,45,155 km at present. India’s Installed Power Generation Capacity has increased by 66 per cent, and there has been a 4.5 times increase in the expenditure on energy in the last nine years. When it comes to our railways, the arterial network of India, several impressive figures come to mind, including the doubling of railway lines: 272 per cent increase, electrification of railway tracks seeing a 548 per cent improvement and 16,289 more coaches being added to increase travel speed and comfort to the coach fleet. Gati Shakti is seen at its best in these remarkable exemplifications.
In concord with this holistic approach, over the last nine years, piped natural gas connections have increased from about 25 lakhs in 2014 to more than one crore in 2022. Similarly, door-to-door collection of waste has been achieved in 89,159 out of 91,845 wards (97.07 per cent). Over six times Increase in expenditure on IT and Telecom in the last 9 years has seen India achieve connectivity like never before. Be it internet connections (growth of 238 per cent) or broadband connections (growth of 1238 per cent), the seamless cycle of infrastructural connectivity, from physical to digital, has been phenomenal under the PM Modi-led government. This isn’t a surprise for those that now understand that having a big vision and delivering on that vision without delay are PM Modi’s twin fortes.
Comparative Analysis: Then and Now
Expenditure on Transportation: 5 times increase!
• 2015-16: Rs 0.87 lakh crore
• 2023-24 (BE): Rs. 5.17 lakh crore
Construction of Railway Tracks almost Doubled!
• 2014-15: 1,545 Km per year
• 2021-22: 2,907 Km per year
Electrification of Railway track: 687% improvement!
• 2006-14: 4,698 RKM
• 2014-23: 37,011 RKM
Pace of highway construction: 2.4 times increase!
• 2014-15: 12 km per day
• 2021-22: 29 km per day
Expansion in Metro connectivity: 268% increase!
• Before 2014: 229 km
• 2023: 845 km
The number of airports has gone up two-fold!
• 2014: 74
• 2022: 148
India’s domestic air passenger traffic grew 84%!
• 2014: 66.76 million
• 2022: 123.2 million
Flag Ship Scheme
PM Gati Shakti – Giant Stride for Multimodal Connectivity
• PM GatiShakti National Master Plan is building NextGen infrastructure through the use of a unified GIS-enabled platform
• Master Plan driven by 7 engines: Roads, Railways, Airports, Ports, Mass Transport, Waterways, and Logistics Infrastructure – all 7 engines will pull forward the economy in unison
• Integrated planning and coordinated implementation of infrastructure projects to boost designing, monitoring and execution of connectivity projects, and reduce time and cost overruns
Sagarmala Programme – Promoting Port-led Development
• Sagarmala Programme launched for port modernisation, operational efficiency improvement, capacity and connectivity expansion, and new port development
• 802 projects worth investment of Rs. 5.4 Lakh crore identified for implementation by 2035
• 221 projects worth Rs. 1.12 lakh crore have been completed
The Capacity of Major Ports: 83% increase!
• 2014: 871.5 MTA
• 2022: 1597 MTA
Bharatmala Pariyojana – Enabling Faster Movement of Traffic
• Bharatmala Pariyojana covering a length of 34,800 km of roads, at an estimated cost of Rs. 5.35 Lakhs Crore approved.
• 26,037 km has been awarded and 12,554 km has been completed under Bharatmala Pariyojana
• 27 Greenfield Expressways and Access Controlled Corridors being developed across the country with an overall length of 9,860 kms at a total cost of Rs. 4.08 Lakh Crore, out of which 2,625 km has been completed
AMRUT & SMART Cities: Transforming Urban infrastructure
• 1.37 crore water tap connections under AMRUT
• 1.05 crore sewer connections under AMRUT
• 692 Storm Water Drainage projects completed under AMRUT
• Development of 2,322 park projects
• 420 KM pedestrian walkways and 2.8 lakh sqm parking area have been developed
• 100 cities selected under Smart City
• 5,666 Smart City projects completed.
• 698 Smart Energy projects being implemented
• 1,401 Smart Water and Smart Wastewater projects implemented
• Integrated Command and Control Centers operationalised in all 100 smart cities
AMRUT and Smart Cities Mission (in Rs thousand crore)
4X Increase in outlay in last 9 years!
2015-16: Rs 4.2 thousand crore
2023-24 (BE): Rs 16 thousand crore
Power Deficit to Power Surplus Nation
• India transformed from power deficit to power surplus nation
• 175 GW of power generation capacity added to our grid since 2014
• 2.86 crore households electrified since the launch of SAUBHAGYA
• Average rural power availability increased from 12½ hours in 2014-15 to 22½ hours 2022-23
India’s Installed Power generation Capacity has increased by 66%!
• Mar 2014: 248 GW
• Feb 2023: 412 GW
Powering India: 4.5X Increase in Expenditure on Energy in last 9 Years!
• 2015-16: Rs 21.1 thousand crore
• 2023-24 (BE): Rs 94.9 thousand crore
Improving Travel Experience – Faster and Safer Journey
• Setu Bharatam Programme to make National Highways free from railway level crossings
• Total 149 level crossings identified
• 37 Road over Bridges completed
• FASTag reduced idling of vehicles at fee plazas: approximately 97% of user fee is being paid through FASTag
• Use of FASTag resulted in an estimated fuel savings of around 35 Crore litres per year, equivalent to more than Rs 2,800 Crore per year in fuel savings
• 58 citizen-centric services related to transport sector made completely online
9 Years Big Achievement – Transforming Infra Like Never Before!
• 75.5 crore+ Broadband Connections added in last 9 years
• 725 MT+ capacity added in Major Ports in last 9 years
• 4 crore+ houses sanctioned under PMAY (till March 2023)
• Nearly 54,000 kms National Highways added in last 9 years
• 37,000+ RKM railway lines electrified in last 9 years
• 22,300+ km Natural Gas Pipeline operational – till March 2023
• 12,500+ km roads completed under Bharatmala Pariyojana till March 2023
• 1,749 km+ work on Dedicated Freight Corridor completed till March 2023
• Number of airports doubled from 74 in 2014 to 148 in 2023
On the Global Stage – Infrastructure Souring New Heights
1. Anji Khad – World’s highest cable-stayed railway bridge completed in 2023
2. Chenab Bridge – World’s highest railway bridge nearing completion
3. Atal Tunnel – World’s Longest Highway Tunnel Above 10,000 Feet completed in 2020
4. Zojila Tunnel – Asia’s longest road tunnel shaping up
5. World’s longest double-decker viaduct built for Nagpur metro in 2022
6. Bogibeel Bridge – Asia’s 2nd longest rail-road bridge opened in 2018
7. ‘Ganga Vilas’ – World’s longest river cruise flagged off in 2023
8. World record for laying longest bituminous lane of 75 km in 105 hrs in 2022
9. World’s fastest growing aviation sector: IATA Report
Other Major Initiatives
World-Class Railway Infrastructure
• 1,218 railway stations upgraded so far under the Adarsh Station Scheme
• 1,275 railway stations being developed under Amrit Bharat Station scheme
• All Unmanned level crossings on Broad Gauge network of Indian Railway eliminated
• 173 railway stations of Indian Railways have been provided escalators
Railways with World Class Travelling Experience
Vande Bharat Vistadome Coaches
• India’s first indigenous Semi High Speed train
• Enhanced safety features, better ride index and passenger amenities, substantial reduction in travel time
• Quick acceleration
• Maximum speed of 160 kmph
• On-board infotainment and GPS based passenger information system
• Reclining Ergonomic Seats with revolving seats in executive class.
• Automatic sliding doors
• Zero discharge vacuum bio toilets
• Mobile charging sockets for every seat
• CCTV cameras
• Tenders floated for 400 Vande Bharat trains sleeper trains with speed potential of 200 kmph
• Transparent larger windows provides panoramic view enabling the passengers to enjoy the scenic beauty of the places through which they travel
• Electrically controlled opalescence glass windows in roof
• Observation lounge
• Ergonomically designed reclining seats with 180 degrees rotating facility
• GPS based passenger information system
• Automatic sliding doors
• Modular toilets with pressurised flushing system & bio tanks
• Automatic fire detection with alarm system
• CCTV system
Changing the way India travels by rail
• India’s first High Speed Rail (HSR) project: Mumbai – Ahmedabad HSR being executed
• Preparation of Detailed Project Report (DPR) for the 7 new High Speed Rail (HSR) corridors
• India’s first Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) coming up in Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut Corridor
• RRTS first of its kind in India with a design speed of 180 kmph
• RRTS trainsets being manufactured under Make In India policy
• Development of 35 Hydrogen Fuel Cell-based trains for various heritage and hill routes included in Budget 2023-24 at a cost of ₹ 2800 crore.
Doubling of Railway Lines: 272% increase!
• 2009-14: 1,875 km (average rate of 375 km per year)
• 2014-22:11,151 km (average rate of 1394 km per year)
Indian Railways Coach production: 91.6% increase!
• 2014-15: 3,731
• 2021-22: 7,151
Expansion of Indian Railways’ Coach fleet: 16,289 more coaches added to increase travel speed and comfort!
• 2014-15: 68,558
• 2021-22: 84,847
Indian Railways Marching towards 100% electrification!
• 2014-15: 35%
• 2022-23: 90%
Highway Construction on the Fast Track
• Total length of National Highways increased from 91,287 km in March, 2014 to about 1,45,155 km at present.
• 1,486 National Highway projects with overall length of about 38,000 km and cost of about Rs.8.24 lakh crore under-construction
NHAI: 7X Increase in Expenditure in last 9 years
• 2015-16: 0.23 lakh crore
• 2023-24 (BE): 1.62 lakh crore
Metro Rails – Revolutionising Mass transportation
• About 845 kms of metro rail lines are operational in 20 cities, and about 991 Kms of metro rail projects are under construction in various cities
• Cities having a metro transport network increased to 20 from 5 in 2014.
Rising to New Heights in Aviation Sector
• 74 airports operationalised under UDAN
• 21 Greenfield Airports approved, 11 Greenfield airports operationalised
• India now ranks third in the world for domestic aviation.
Dedicated Freight Corridors – Game changer in Freight Transportation
• Indian Railways is constructing two Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFC), which would enable freight trains to run at speed of 100 kmph and offer higher carrying capacity
• Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (EDFC) from Ludhiana to Sonnagar (1337 Km)
• Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (WDFC) from Jawaharlal Nehru Port Terminal (JNPT) to Dadri (1506 Kms.).
• So far, 1749 km out of total sanctioned length of 2843 km of DFC has been completed (61.5%).
Gas-Pipeline Network Increased by Leaps and Bounds
• 33,764 km length of Natural Gas Pipeline Network across the country authorised
• 22,335 km pipeline is operational and 12,955 kms of pipeline is under construction.
• Piped Natural Gas connections have increased from about 25 lakhs in 2014 to more than 1 crore in 2022
• City Gas Distribution Network now covers 630 districts, up from 66 in 2014
Domestic PNG connections increased by over 4 times!
• 2013-14: 25.40 lakhs
• 2022-23: 103.93 lakhs
Significant improvement in Waste Processing
• Door-to-door collection of waste has been achieved in 89,159 out of 91,845 wards (97.07 %)
• Source segregation of waste has been achieved in 82,442 wards out of 91,845 wards (89.76 %)
Scientific Waste Processing Capability of Urban Local Bodies
• 2014: 18%
• 2023: 75%
Connecting India like Never Before
Over 6x Increase in expenditure on IT and Telecom in last 9 years!
• 2015-16: 15 thousand crore
• 2023-24 (BE): 93 thousand crore
Internet Connections registered a growth of 238%!
• March 2014: 25.15 crore
• Feb 2023: 85.1 crore
Broadband Connections registered a growth of 1238%!
• March 2014: 6.1 crore
• September 2022: 81.62 crore