One of the most significant festivals in India is Makar Sankranti, which is observed in the Hindu month of Magha, which corresponds to the month of January in the Gregorian calendar. It is a multidimensional celebration that symbolises multiculturalism in today’s society because it is celebrated differently in each state and by each culture. The religious component of Makar Sankranti is that it is a festival worshipping Surya Devta or the Sun God.
Makar Sankranti will be observed in 2023 on January 15 rather than January 14.
Makar Sankranti is celebrated on a day that typically falls on January 14 of the Gregorian calendar but occasionally on January 15. Its timing is determined by the solar cycle of the Hindu lunisolar calendar. The Hindu Calendar’s Makar Sankranti falls during the solar month of Makara and the lunar month of Magha.
Nirayana and Sayana are two distinct methods for determining the Makar Sankranti date. According to most texts for Hindu calendars, the sayana system usually computes to about December 23, whereas the January 14 date passed on the nirayana system.
According to the solar calendar, the Sun arrives at the same point after a year, 20 minutes later each year, which implies the Sun requires an extra day after every 72 years in the sky. Makar Sankranti occasionally moves from January 14 to January 15, and so on, due to this.
On January 15, this year, the Sun will change from Dhanu to Makara. Additionally, Makara Sankranti Punya Kaal will be effective from 7:15 AM to 5:46 PM. The time for Maha Punya Kaal is from 7:15 to 9:00 AM.
Makar Sankranti is the festival that ushers in the elongation of the days. The renowned West Bengal Ganga Sagar Mela is held in January on the day of Makar Sankranti.