Chhath Puja is a four-day festival that is dedicated to solar deity, Surya and his wife Usha.
New Delhi: As a thick layer of toxic foam continues to float on the surface of the Yamuna river in the national capital on Tuesday (November 9) on the second day of the Chhath puja festival.
Environmentalists, political parties and people of Delhi have raised concerns over the appaling situation. The hazardous foam floating on the Yamuna river is the result of increased ammonia levels and high phosphate content that is caused by the discharge of industrial pollutants, including detergents, into the river.
Meanwhile, Chhath devotees were seen standing in the toxic foam-laden Yamuna river near Delhi's Kalindi Kunj to offer prayers to the Sun God on the second day of the Chhath puja festival.
"We know that the Yamuna river water is dirty, and it could be hazardous. But there is no option as prayers are offered to the Sun God while standing in flowing waters of a river, says a devotee at the Yamuna ghat near Kalindi Kunj.
Social activist Varun Gulati said that the thick layer of toxic foam results from chemical waste used to dye denim dumped by illegal jeans-making units close to the river banks.
Chhath devotees worship the Sun God and his wife Usha to express gratitude and seek their blessings. During the four-day festivities, devotees gather and take a holy dip in rivers, ponds, and other water bodies.
Devotees took a dip in the Yamuna amid toxic foam on the second day of Chhath Puja in Kalindi Kunj. The people who were disappointed with the foam in the river water expressed their helplessness to practice their traditions amid such toxicity levels in the Yamuna river.
"Taking a dip in the river has significance in Chhath Puja. I have come here but the water is dirty. It is causing a lot of problems for us. Diseases can also happen due to this. But we are helpless. The cleanliness of water and ghats is much better in Bihar. Delhi government should make sure that the ghats are cleaned," a devotee named Kalpana had said while talking to ANI.
A social activist named Varun Gulati has said that the foam results from chemical waste used to dye denim being dumped by illegal jeans-making units set up close to the river banks. He told ANI, "Illegal denim factories are the main issue behind the foaming water which is polluting the Yamuna river. The dying setup is releasing contempt water direct into Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) and from the plant, it is releasing into the Yamuna river directly and everyone is witnessing the foaming of water but no one wants to know what is the real source behind this and it is actually the denim dying units."
However, the political blame game has continued over this issue as the Delhi Jal Board Vice Chairman and Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) Raghav Chadha expressed his anguish at the BJP-ruled governments of Uttar Pradesh and Haryana for releasing untreated wastewater into the river.
Chadha said in a statement, ''The Okhla Barrage is under the UP Irrigation Department, and because of its lackadaisical attitude, water hyacinth plants grow all around. One needs to understand that when these hyacinth plants decompose, they release surfactants like phosphates. When this water, filled with huge amounts of surfactants like phosphates, falls in Kalindi Kunj from a height, it produces foam, which gradually accumulates and floats on the water's surface. This foam gets difficult to remove.''
Delhi Jal Board Vice-Chairman added, ''Apart from this, the paper and sugar industries operating in Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Shamli and Saharanpur in Uttar Pradesh also release untreated wastewater containing surfactants, which is then released into the Yamuna river through the Hindon Canal at Okhla Barrage near Indira Kunj. This causes the foam to grow and accumulate in the Yamuna.''
Meanwhile, the government of Delhi has sketched out a nine-point action plan to minimise frothing in the Yamuna River is happening due to the discharge of untreated sewage in the river.