(This article is based on the book written by Marxist leader P. Kesavan Nair. He is frustrated with Marxism and his expose has become a bestseller in Malayalam.)
The reason of becoming of communist leaders as autocrats is to be sought in the concept of Marx about revolution. Marxism opened up a vast vista for autocracy. ?Labour-class totalitarianism? was brought about by removing the existing governments, and those who criticised such labour-class governments were, without any mercy, annihilated or wiped out. That were the basic lessons taught by Marx and Angels. In communist countries, all those reign on the saddle of power become autocrats. Workmen and farmers have no role in the governments. The ruling communist leaders themselves become a ?ruling class?.
The communists give an impression that the working-class totalitarianism is a rule of the majority. Not at least one example is available to show that the communist government is the equipment of the majority. During the devastation period of the former Soviet Union, the apology of CPSU is worth notable. ?All countrymen? narrowed to ?working-class?. ?Party? constricted to its central committee, central committee to Politburo, Politburo to the General Secretary. Working-class totalitarianism and democratic-centralisation are the foundation. Democratic-centralisation transformed into the power-centralisation of the Secretary. In democratic-centralisation the difference between ?upper? and ?lower? became severe. The directions from ?ups? are strict orders. Those who are in the lower committees are the slaves of upper committees.
?Between 1825 and 1917, under the rule of Tsar, the total killing was 6321. But, after the 1917 revolution, within the two months of 1918, the ?red terrorism?, declared officially by Lenin, did 15,000 killings. In the famine occurred due to the implementation of collective farming in 1932-33, the total carnage was 60 lakh. In the cleaning process done by the party it bumped off 7,20,000 people. Between 1934 and 1941, 70 lakh innocent people were jailed in the notorious ?Gulags?. Of them the majority found their end within that camps. When Stalin expired 27.5 lakh prisoners were in the Gulags. For vindictiveness towards their own people, the communist leaders are more cruel than those of capitalists countries. In the famous book Gulag Archipelago, the celebrated writer Solzhenitsyn imparts that six crore people were put to sleep in the communist experiment in Russia due to the cruelty of the governments.?
?During the era of Tsar, the Russia was the granary of Europe. One-sixth land of the earth, with plentiful natural resources and minimal populace were the blessings of Soviet Union. Though they were ahead in astronomy, nuclear physics and armoury, the former Soviet Union was trailing behind in agriculture and industry. Under communists? rule the agony of Soviet people was relentless. Everything was in dearth. From bread to butter people queued up for hours. The Russian breadlines were notorious. Two crores of people were involved in black marketing. Meanwhile, curious voices for food and clothing were muffled like anything. During the rule of communists, the workers and farmers of the former Soviet Union got only chains but no new world.?
?The turmoil is similar in China, Cambodia, North Korea and Eastern Europe. In China, the Cultural Revolution perpetrated mass slaughter. Including Liu Shaoqi, the No. 2 in the party leadership, and other top leaders (the foes of Mao), one crore petty ?comrades? were numbed in the name of Cultural Revolutions. A section of the world still believes that the toll is three crore. It is pity to find that those who killed and kill are communists. In the ?Great Leap Forward?, led by Mao, due to famine, another four crore of people died. Nobody knows how many people were killed in Tiananmen Square.?
?The Pol Pot, the leader of Cambodian Communist Party rejoiced by heaping skulls and bones in the ?killing fields?. During his regime, 30 million people were slaughtered. The red terrorism ran riots in North Korea and Eastern Europe. The ideas and opinions of not of them were suppressed by Communism. Talented writers and scientists were forced to flee from those countries.?
?Though the pre-streams are there, Marxism did not expound in Western Europe. Though the political set-up was based on capitalism, communism could not mature there. In the capitalist countries also, they could not be mellowed. The poverty in the undeveloped and under-developed countries welcome communism, says Russell. Communism is the philosophy of poverty. It is the philosophy of insurgence and hatred. Poverty and starvation usher the communist devil and its proliferation can be stopped only by poverty eradication.?
?The Marxism exported by the Communist totalitarianism?government of the former Soviet Union to the countries like India, turned up like a bad penny as opium to the so-called left intellectuals. They betrayed their poor brothers and sisters with its intoxication,?