Districts without industry
The all India gradation list has identified 10 districts of Bihar, four districts of West Bengal, three districts of Rajasthan and two districts each of Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Kerala, where no industry exists. These districts are Godda, Gumla, Araria, Madhepura, Khagaria, Kishanganj, Madhubani, Jahanabad, Saharsa, Lohardaga (Bihar), Siddharthnagar, Maharajgunj (Uttar Pradesh), Uttarkashi, Chamoli (Uttaranchal), Barmer, Jaisalmer, Churu (Rajasthan), Chatarpur, Surguja (Madhya Pradesh), Cooch Behar, Bankura, Malda, Jalpaigudi (West Bengal), Kalahandi, Phulbani (Orissa), Wayanad and Idukki (Kerala). This list is prepared by Ministry of Finance, Department of Revenue, on the basis of financial, infrastructural and industrial parameters. After liberalisation of the economy and introduction of new industrial policy of 1991, the role of Central Government has transformed from that of direct intervention in the process of industrialisation of backward areas through license controls to leaving investment decisions to the commercial perception.
High child mortality
India with child mortality rate of 96 per 1000 live births has been classified as a high mortality country in a report published by World Health Organisation. The report titled Inheriting the World : Atlas of Children and the Health Environment has examined the effect of various environmental factors on children health and has also classified 192 countries according to mortality rates. Under this classification, India along with Pakistan and Bhutan has been classified as a high mortality country. It is reported that lack of safe drinking water and poor environmental sanitation are important contributors to child mortality due to diarrhoeal diseases. In addition, air pollution is one of the important causes of acute respiratory infections among children which is another major cause of child mortality.
Union Ministry of Tourism has commissioned a 20-year perspective plan, with the objective of identifying the potential tourist places in the states. The perspective plan has given an action plan for development of tourism in the states over a period of 20 years, which includes basic facilities and amenities like toilets, water supply and parking areas. The Ministry of Tourism also provides financial assistance to states for specific projects that are prioritised in consultation with it every year.
In India, majority of patients are prone to risky treatment in hospitals as injections used in the country are unsafe. The findings of a study, conducted by Indian Network of Clinical Epidemiologist (INCLEN), states that 62.9 per cent of the injections used in India are unsafe. As per the INCLEN study, the potential risk of blood-borne disease is 31.6 per cent including HIV because of unsafe injection practices. Not only this, the study states that 68.7 per cent of injections given at government hospitals are unsafe. Although as a preventive measure, the Central government had introduced Auto Disable (AD) syringes in all immunisation clinics in the country last year as AD syringes would take care of most of the causes of unsafe injections including some due to wrong habits as AD syringes are pre-sterilised and cannot be re-used.
Shortage of personnel
Presently, defence services are facing a shortage of personnel. As per latest figures, Army is short of 11,691 officers, Air Force 375 officers and Navy 1,333 officers. Even, Air Force and Navy have deficiency in the cadre of personnel below officers? rank as Air Force is short of 4943 personnel below officers? rank whereas Navy is short of 4243.