Current Issue
Organiser Home
The Moving Finger Writes
Media Watch
Thinking Aloud
Kids Org.
News Round-up
Readers’ Forum:
Kerala Newsletter

Previous Issues
September 04, 2011

August 28, 2011
August 21, 2011
August 14, 2011
August 07, 2011

July 31, 2011
July 24, 2011
July 17, 2011
July 10, 2011
July 03, 2011

June 26, 2011
June 19, 2011
June 12, 2011
June 05, 2011

May 29, 2011
May 22, 2011
May 15, 2011
May 08, 2011
May 01, 2011

April 24, 2011
April 17, 2011
April 10, 2011
April 03, 2011

March 27, 2011
March 20, 2011
March 13, 2011
March 06, 2011

February 27, 2011
February 20, 2011
February 13, 2011
February 06, 2011

January 30, 2011
January 23, 2011
January 16, 2011
January 09, 2011
January 02, 2011

December 26, 2010
December 19, 2010
December 12, 2010
December 05, 2010
November 28, 2010
November 21, 2010
November 14, 2010
November 7, 2010

October 31, 2010
October 24, 2010
October 17, 2010
October 10, 2010
October 03, 2010

2010 Issues
2009 Issues
2008 Issues
2007 Issues
2006 Issues

About us
Contact us


April 25, 2010

Page: 21/39

Home > 2010 Issues > April 25, 2010

A study of separatism in Punjab
By Lokesh Kumar

The Sikh Separatist Insurgency in India: Political Leadership and Ethno-nationalist Movements, Jugdep S. Chima, Sage Publications, Pp 315(HB), Rs 750.00

TERRORISM is an offshoot primarily of ethnic, religious and ideological motivations. Violence in Punjab in the latter part of the 20th century took the form of an ethno-nationalist movement for an independent Sikh state. Sikh content and context added the religious elements as a force multiplier, thereby increasing the scope and intensity of the violence. The author, Jugdep S. Chima, a third generation Sikh raised in the Sikh diaspora in USA, reached India and moved in a world of both Khalistan activists and supporters of the Indian state and claims to have written from his personal contacts and experience.

The north-western state of Punjab had been a model of political stability and economical development for India during the late 1960s and early 1970s as it was free of communal violence and political instability. After the re-organisation of the state in the late 1950s and early 1960, the enterprising Sikh community seemed well integrated into the ‘national mainstream’, providing a large number of recruits in the Indian armed forces, being the granary of India with the Green Revolution and “a model province” for the rest of India. The situation changed dramatically in the early 1980s when a violent Sikh ethno-nationalist movement transformed itself into a secessionist struggle for the creation of an independent Sikh state – Khalistan.

The Sikh separatist insurgency represented the “worst threat” to India’s territorial integrity and unity since Independence and Partition. What is however particularly intriguing about the movement is that this violent ethno-nationalist movement, which escalated precipitously through the late 1980s, should have declined by the mid-1990s to the point of no significant militancy-related deaths after 1993. This thus raises a number of important questions – How and why did the movement emerge in the first place? How was it sustained? Finally how did it decline?

The book throws light on the political history of the Sikh separatist insurgency in Punjab by focusing on “patterns of political leadership”, the trends which led to the emergence of the ‘Punjab crisis’, the various dynamics through which the movement sustained itself and the changing nature of “patterns of political leadership” which led to its decline in the mid-1990s. The regional factors mentioned are the changing socio-economic conditions in Punjab emanating from the Green Revolution, including the increase in unemployment and alienation of the rural youth.

(Sage Publications India Pvt Ltd, B 1/I-1 Mohan Cooperative Industrial Area, Mathura Road, New Delhi-110044;

Previous Page Previous Page (20/39) - Next Page (22/39) Next Page

copyright© 2004 Bharat Prakashan(Delhi) Ltd. All Rights Reserved
Designed and Hosted by KSHEERAJA Web Solutions Pvt Ltd